Types of Pranayama Breathing

Pranayama: Types, Techniques, and Benefits

  1. What is pranayama?

  2. What are the different types of pranayama?

  3. What are the benefits of Pranayama?

  4. What is the best time of day to practice pranayama?

What is pranayama?

Pranayama is one of the most important aspects of yoga, according to Patanjali. It is the practice of regulating the breath and is a key component in achieving Samadhi, or enlightenment. Pranayama is said to purify the mind and body, and to help connect the practitioner with the divine. There are many different techniques that can be used in pranayama, but all aim to control the breath in some way. Common practices include deep breathing, nostril breathing, and alternate nostril breathing. Pranayama should be practiced with proper guidance from a qualified teacher in order to avoid harm. When done correctly, it can be an extremely powerful tool for self-transformation. pranayama is a type of breath control yogic practice that has many benefits.

Eight common types of Pranayama

1. Ujjayi Pranayam

2. Dirga Pranayama

3. Nadi Sodhana

4. Bhramari Pranayama

5. Viloma Pranayama

6. kapalabhati Pranayama

7. Bhastrika Pranayama

8. Shitali Pranayama

This post discusses 8 different types of pranayama with techniques and their benefits

Ujjayi breathing

Ujjayi breathing, also known as “victorious breath” or “ocean breath”, is a type of yogic breathing that is said to provide numerous health benefits. The benefits of this type of pranayama breathing are thought to come from the fact that it oxygenates the blood and helps to regulate the heart rate. In Ujjayi breathing you recreate the sound of ocean waves, hence the name ‘ocean breath’.

How to do Ujjayi pranayama breathing

1. Sit in a comfortable position with your spine straight.

2. Close your eyes and begin to breathe slowly and deeply through your nose.

3. As you inhale, constrict the muscles in your throat so that you can feel your breath passing through your throat.

4. Exhale slowly and completely through your nose.

5. Continue this deep, even breathing for minutes.


Benefits of Ujjayi Pranayama

1. Decreases high blood pressure

2. Activates the natural relaxation response

3. Good for any heart problems

4. Relieves Insomnia

5. Relieves mental tension, stress, anxiety

6. Helps with focus

7. Useful meditation preparation


Dirga Pranayama Breathing

Dirga pranayama helps with a variety of conditions, including anxiety, stress, and insomnia. The name dirge pranayama comes from the Sanskrit words “dṛg” and “praṇāyāma,” which mean “long” and “breath,” respectively. Dirga pranayama breathing is said to be beneficial because it helps to lengthen the breath and calm the mind.

How to do Dirga Pranayama Breathing

Dirga Pranayama is a type of Pranayama that has three-step

Step 1: Breath in through your nose, allowing your abdomen to gently expand as the air enters your lungs. Exhale through your nostrils while contracting your abs and pulling your belly button toward your spine to let as much air out of your lungs as you can.

Step 2: Almost the same, with an additional step. Allow your tummy to expand as you inhale through your nose, and then allow your rib cage to expand as well. When you exhale through your nose, squeeze your ribs and belly until they are completely empty.

Step 3: Go a step further. Invite your belly to enlarge when the breath enters your lungs and rib cage as you take a deep inhalation via your nose.

Benefits of Dirga Pranayama

1. Calms down the mind

2. Strengthens concentration

3. Makes lungs stronger

Nadi Sodhana Pranayama

Nadi Sodhana Pranayama is also known as alternate nostril breathing

Here is how you can do Nadi Sodhana Pranayama

Sit in a comfortable position with your spine straight.

1.Use your right hand to block your right nostril

2. Inhale slowly and deeply through your left nostril

3.Exhale through your right nostril

4. Repeat steps 2-4, this time blocking your left nostril

5. Continue for 5-10 minutes

Benefits of Nadi Shodan Pranayam

1. Beneficial for overall health and well-being.

2. It is reported to improve lung function and help with anxiety, stress, and insomnia.

3. It is also said to be helpful in detoxifying the body.

Nadi Sodhana Pranayama is a simple but powerful breathing technique that can be done anywhere, anytime.

Bhramari Pranayama

Bhramari pranayama, also known as ‘humming bee breath’, is a breathing exercise. This type of Pranayama is named after the sound it makes. The name comes from the sound that is made when doing the exercise, which is said to resemble the sound of a bee buzzing.

To do Bhramari pranayama

1. Sit comfortably with your eyes closed.

2. Place your thumbs on your earlobes

3.inhale deeply through your nose, then exhale slowly while making the ‘bzz’ sound of a bee.

4. Continue for five to ten minutes

Benefits of Bhramari Pranayama

This pranayama is helpful for a number of conditions.

1. Bhramari pranayama is said to be

2. helpful for hypertension

3. Relieves anxiety

4. Relieves insomnia


Viloma Pranayama

Viloma pranayama is a type of yoga breathing that involves inhaling and exhaling in a controlled manner. It is a type of yoga breathing that is used to purify the body and mind.

To do this practice

1. Lie flat on the yoga mat with your body in a straight line. Close your eyes and lie still for a minute.

2. Breathe normally. Pay attention to your breathing.

3. Take a deep breath and completely fill your lungs. Exhale fully.

4. Now start with the interrupted inhalation. Inhale for 2-3 seconds, pause, and hold for 2-3 seconds.

5. Continue doing this until the lungs are completely full, which may include 4-5 pauses. Don’t push too hard.

6. Exhale for 2-3 seconds, then pause, hold your breath for 2-3 seconds, then wait.

7. Repeat until your lungs feel completely empty. Repeat these steps for 5-7 minutes

Benefits of Viloma Pranayama

1. Helps  relieve anxiety

2. Helps to relieve PMS symptoms

Kapalabhati Pranayama

Kapalabhati pranayama breathing is a type of breathing that is often used as a  way to cleanse the lungs and improve respiratory function. It is also believed to help with anxiety, depression, and even chronic pain.

How to do Kapalabhati pranayama breathing

1. Sit in a comfortable position with your spine straight.

2. Place your hands on your knees with your palms up.

3. Slowly inhale through your nose, filling your lungs as much as you can.

4. Exhale quickly and forcefully through your nose, drawing your navel toward your spine.

5. Repeat this for 10-15 rounds. You can increase the number of rounds as you get more comfortable with the practice. Remember to breathe slowly and evenly on the inhale, and to exhale forcefully but smoothly. Try to stay focused on your breath throughout the practice.

  • Benefits of Kapalabhati Pranayama
  • 1. Help with anxiety
  • 2. helps with depression
  • 3. can help or Relieves chronic pain
  • Bhastrika pranayama

Bhastrika pranayama is a type of pranayama, or breath control exercise, that is often used as a preparatory exercise for other types of pranayama.

To do Bhastrika pranayama:

1. Sit in a comfortable position with your spine straight and your eyes closed.

2. Take a few deep breaths to relax.

3. Then, begin breathing rapidly and deeply through your nose, making sure that your belly expands on the inhale and contracts on the exhale.

4. After about 30 seconds to 1 minute, start to slow your breathing down gradually until you are back to normal breathing.

5. Finish by taking a few deep breaths.

Benefits of Bhastrika Pranayama

1.Bhastrika pranayama is said to help

2. improve circulation

3. Helps digestion

4. Helps respiration.

5. It may also help to calm the mind and relieve stress.

Shitali Pranayama

Shitali Pranayama is a type of pranayama, or breath control exercise, that is said to be helpful in cooling the body. The word “Shitali” comes from the Sanskrit word for “cool,” and this pranayama is often used during hot weather or after strenuous physical activity.

To practice Shitali Pranayama

1. sit with your spine straight and close your mouth.

2. Next, curl your tongue back so that it forms a tube.

protrude your tongue out of your mouth and inhale through the tube.

3. Exhale through your nose.

4. Repeat this breathing pattern for a few minutes.

Although it may take some practice to get used to breathing in this way, Shitali Pranayama is a simple and effective way to cool the body and calm the mind.

Benefits of Shitali Pranayama

1. Cools down the body

2. stokes the digestive fire

3. encourages the best possible digestion

4. Can help with inflammation-related skin disorders

5. helps to reduce body-wide inflammation

6. relaxes and calms the psyche

7. promoting mental peace

7. Boosts immunity and eases colic pain

8. reduces excessive hunger and thirst

Best time for doing Pranayama

Pranayama is an important part of yoga and meditation practice. It helps to regulate breathing, which in turn has a calming effect on the mind and body. While there is no wrong time to practice pranayama, some times of day are more ideal than others. For example, the early morning hours are typically calm and quiet, making them ideal for focused breath work. Alternatively, the evening hours may be more suitable for those who have trouble winding down at night. Ultimately, the best time to practice pranayama is whenever it is most convenient for you. By making time for regular breathwork, you can reap the many benefits of this practice.


Pranayama is an important part of yoga. It refers to the regulation of breath and is often done through a series of specific breathing exercises. While it may seem like a simple practice, pranayama offers a variety of benefits for both the body and mind.

On a physical level, pranayama can help to improve lung capacity and increase oxygen intake. This, in turn, can boost energy levels and improve respiratory ailments such as asthma. Pranayama can also help to improve digestion and circulation and reduce stress levels.

On a mental level, pranayama can help to focus the mind and calm the thoughts. It can be used as a tool for meditation and has been shown to help alleviate anxiety and depression. In addition, pranayama can help to improve memory and cognitive function.

Overall, regular pranayama practice offers a host of benefits for both the body and mind. It is a simple yet powerful tool that can be used to improve overall health and wellbeing.

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